Administrative law refers to the body of law that governs the activities of the administrative agencies of the government wherein the government agency actions involve rulemaking, the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda or the adjudication. Administrative law is also considered as a branch of public law wherein as a body of law, it deals with the decision making of other administrative units of the government such as boards, commissions and tribunals. These units of the government are part of the national regulatory scheme such as areas of police law, manufacturing and international trade. It is also the same with areas of immigration, transport, taxation, broadcasting and environment.
During the twentieth century, administrative law greatly expanded wherein the legislative bodies worldwide have created more government agencies to regulate the increasingly complex social, economic and political sphere of the human interaction. In cases of civil law countries, they often have specialized courts, administrative courts that are responsible to review decisions made by the government and its agencies.
If we view it in a general way, most of the countries that are following the principles of common law have developed certain procedures that can be use for judicial review wherein it limits the reviewability of the decisions made by the bodies of administrative law. Most of the time, these kinds of procedures goes with other legislation or other common law doctrines which establish standards for proper rule making.
Administrative law on the other side can also be applied to review the decisions of the so-called semi public bodies like non-profit corporations, disciplinary boards and other decision making bodies that may affect the legal rights of its members.
Since the a larger governmental unit that usually controls the administrative decision making body, the decisions they made are subject to review by the court of general jurisdiction under some principle of judicial review that are based upon the due process in cases of the United States while it is called fundamental justice in Canada. Take note that administrative appeal is different from the judicial review of administrative decisions. In the case of reviewing decisions the court will only look at the method in which the decisions were arrived at. In the case of administrative appeal, the correctness of the decision itself will be examined by a higher body within the agency.
One thing that we should also know is the power to review administrative decisions are usually established by statue and are originally developed from the royal prerogative writs of English law.
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Are you familiar with political terms like the Administrative Law? From its name, it is a law and we are subjected to it and we need to follow it as a citizen. But it is also very important that we s citizen understand the laws that we are subjected to. So, right now, we will be talking about Administrative Law because it is hard to follow something that you do not fully understand. If you understand the law, you will be able to do the right thing and particularly your right as a citizen. Now let us talk about the definition of Administrative law. What is Administrative Law?
It is the body of law that governs the administrative and regulation of government agencies both in federal and state. This law is actually created by Congress or the state legislature; it encompasses the procedures under which these agencies operate as well as external constraints upon them. Administrative Law is also referred to as the branch of public law or also known as the regulatory law. Base on reports, over the years, government agencies has made a great impact because it has grown both in number and importance in the United States. Did you know that this law affects wide variety of social issues like the telecommunications, the financial market, and racial discrimination? Sample agencies of Administrative Law are DOL or the Department of Labor, The Federal Communications Commission or FCC, and the Security Exchange Commission or SEC. I am sure that you are familiar with offices which I am sure that you have been in these offices.
Now, I am also sure that most of us are just going in inside these offices without even understanding what they do inside and how they could help you. Administrative offices are very important like for example the DOL. Like if you have any issues with your employer or with your job, you can always report your problem to this office and they will help you get justice. They will even tell what you need to do to win the case. A simple complain in this office could simply affect your employers and they may give you some compensation with the damage they have caused you. SEC and FCC are also different offices that are very important when it comes to your personal benefits and documents. That is Administrative Law are very important and we need to understand how it works and how we could benefit from it.
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We all have our own rights and privileges and it is very important that we must know each one of these. Exercising these rights leads us to a happier and fulfilled life and so knowing what these are is advantageous to us. We cannot stand up for our rights especially if they are being violated if we do not know what rights we have to begin with. One of these rights which are most often violated is our civil rights.
Civil rights refer to those rights which are established to protect our physical and mental well-being. We might have been exercising these rights without our knowledge. Some people might have an idea of what these rights are but they do not really know unto what extent they can exercise these. Examples of civil rights are right to privacy, freedom, suffrage, religion, expression, assembly, movement, speech, education, healthcare, and countless more. Civil rights make all people equal under the low by protecting us from discrimination and injustice. Back in the days, people discriminate others because of differences in races, gender, religion, color and other factors. We can remember how women were considered inferior to men a few decades ago and were treated more as commodities rather than humans. There was also the African-American Civil Rights Movement that was started so that African Americans and other minorities will gain an equal footing with other Americans in the society. Fortunately, incidents of discrimination and injustice have declined over the years because of the increasing awareness among people of their rights and the strict implementation of penalties for those who are infringing these rights.
However, there are still some civil rights issues that are being addressed these days. One of these is the fight for gender equality. Gender equality is already achieved in some societies but others still have a long way to go. Equal opportunities for men and women in the workplace are being promoted. There is also the issue of same sex marriage. Some places around the world have allowed this but others still strongly believe that marriage can only be administered between a man and a woman. The civil rights of disabled people are also being propagated by establishing facilities and job opportunities for them.
Each of our rights must be respected to have peace and equality in the society. We must remember that without these, our world will be full of chaos and disorder. What we should do then is to know our rights, stand up for them and respect others’ in order to live a happy life.
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Laws are originally made with the purpose of maintaining peace and security among the citizens of the state. It governs all forms of conduct and behaviors of the people under a particular government’s jurisdiction. These policies and regulations serve as our protection against our anarchic tendencies as human beings. But most importantly, laws are created to provide equality and equity among these people regardless of age, race or background.
This special power of the legislators to create laws has the capability of changing and redefining how society works. One can never forget how more economic, social and political opportunities have been opened to women when the US government has enacted a law that guarantees the right to suffrage of all regardless of sex IN 1920. Since then, a lot of subsequent affirmative actions in the form of new state legislations have already been enforced for many years to equalize the standing s of those belonging to the minority groups.
One good example of this so-called affirmative action is the passing of the Disability Law in the US or, otherwise known as the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). A law sponsored and authored by the former Senator Tom Harkin in 1990, ADA aims to protect people with disabilities from being discriminated in accessing government services, transportation, public facilities and utilities and employment. It was during the term of former President George W. Bush that he approved the ADA Amendment Act of 2008. The amendment of the law seeks to strengthen and expand the level of protection disabled workers have and also remove certain stipulations which the Congress deem to be too restrictive.
Disability, as legally defined by this Act, refers to a mental or physical incapability that limits that restrict an individual from free movement and also from actively joining major life activities. It can also be a record of an impairment or a form of societal regard of one being impaired.
In employment, companies, businesses and organizations are prohibited from discriminating disabled people during the job hiring, promotion and discharge process for employees. Disabled workers should also be given ample compensation and trainings equal to that of a normal employee. Another example lies in the form of public transportation. People with disability are entitled to the privilege of equally enjoying services, facilities, goods and services available for the general public.
ADDAA has been fully enforced for nearly two decades already and its effectiveness have helped people with disabilities in US to enjoy the equal rights they rightfully deseve.
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Have you ever experienced getting injured while doing your job at the office? Or have you had any illnesses because of your work and not get anything in return? Each employee is protected by his rights both as a worker and as a human. In the U.S., every employee is covered by the Workers’ Compensation Law.
The Workers’ Compensation Law, also known as the Workman’s’ Comp, is implemented in every state. This law is under the Workers’ Rehabilitation and Compensation Act of 1988. In this law, the state orders a form of insurance to be given to employees who are injured while working. When the worker suffers from a work-related injury, the law provides him or her compensation benefits regardless if it was the fault of the worker or the employer. The goal of this law is to help injured workers to recover with financial expenses as well as employment circumstances. The worker will not be entitled to any rights specified under this law if he is found guilty of having a bad intention of hurting someone or himself.
The employer, on the other hand, is required by state only to provide insurance for his or her workers as stated in the law. The expenses incurred for purchasing the insurance could be seen in the business’ income statement under the cost of goods sold. This is because the law does not intend to penalize the business owners and the business. In turn, the employees cannot sue their employers for the injury or illness they had from work. Moreover, the employers cannot ask the injured worker to pay any costs incurred. This specific law does not focus on the negligence of any of the two parties. This law is most relevant to manufacturing companies and factories.
As stated under the law, an injured worker is entitled to benefits.
When a worker is injured and still goes back to work, it is deemed pointless since the worker would be less efficient and would not finish the number of tasks required of him. Thus, the employee is still entitled to his weekly or monthly salary.
The insurance availed by the employer includes medical and funeral benefits. All medical expenses suffered by the employee in treating his injury or sickness shall be covered by the insurance. If the employee died, then funeral expenses shall also be paid by the insurance company.
Social Security Benefits
For workers who have been permanently impaired for 12 months or more, they are entitled to social security benefits monthly. This is according to the Workers’ Compensation Board in New York.
As an employee, it is your responsibility to be aware of the nature of your job and its corresponding risks. It would also be for your own good if you know the laws that are applicable to you and your work. Take initiative to know your rights.
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Health is one of the most important things that we should give priority. Being healthy is something that should not be taken for granted. We need to remember that health is always wealth because if we are able to prevent minor diseases, we get to avoid those serious problems that could cost a lot. So if we want to be health conscious, we need to know some basic health law.
First law of health is to eat right. Having a balanced diet is always important and remember not to eat much and not to eat less. Also, for people who would want to lose weight, try not to cut back on meals but try to add more healthy meals. You need also to take note that skipping meals is not a good idea. If you skip meals, you would even gain more weight because you are triggering your body to hoard more since you are starving it. Second law is to exercise daily. Daily exercise would always keep your body going. You would be able to improve your muscles, your respiratory systems, blood circulation, and many more. Plus, people say that exercise makes a person happy because the kind of adrenaline rush that you feel when you exercise is when your mood hormones are produced. You can try running, cycling, swimming, going to the gym, or any kind of exercise. As long as you are moving a lot, it is still considered as an exercise. Third, get enough rest. Take note this is one of the most important laws in health. Even if you are exercising a lot and eating well, you would not be able to have a healthy body if you do not get enough rest. Remember that sleep is when your body regenerates its body cells and tissues that get damaged because of workouts and other strenuous activities. Lastly, the most important law of health is to enjoy. They say that laughter is the best medicine and it is true. If you are happy, you are able to avoid diseases such as heart and mental problems. You cannot really tell what effects laughter has but it is proven that it is indeed healthy for the body and mind. So you can try going out with your friends, hang out, and do some fun stuff.
Now that you know some laws in health, you might want o follow these things so that you will become a lot healthier.
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Having knowledge about the educational law is very helpful not only for the school but also for students. With the help of the law, schools will be able to come up with better school rules and regulation which will benefit both the school and their students. The school will also be able to learn more about their accountabilities and responsibilities to the government. Through this, the school can guarantee that they are abiding by the rules and regulations of the education department. It is also one way for the school to be able to protect itself against illegal activities especially when it comes to negotiating, purchasing products, and signing contracts.
For school employees such as teachers and professors, having knowledge about the education law will help provide them with fair treatment especially when it comes to their promotion, work schedules and salary. They will also be able to determine if until what extent they are only allowed to discipline their students. In the case of students, having knowledge about the law will let them know about their rights and obligation to their teachers and to the school. They will also be able to protect themselves against abusive acts of their schoolmates and teachers such as bullying and discrimination. With the help of the law, students who have disabilities will also be given the chance to enroll and study. They will also receive the proper attention they need and protect themselves against maltreatment and can guarantee that they will be treated fairly just like any other students in the school.
Everything that concerns the safety of the school employees and the students are also stated in the law. Prohibition of illegal substances, deadly weapons, and other dangerous materials are strictly observed and anyone who is caught breaking the law will be given with the necessary punishment by the school and by the authorities. The school is also recommended to provide their employees and students with the necessary items they need in order to make their teaching and learning experience become better and more useful. Providing students and faculties with proper health care is also stated in the law.
When it comes to employment, the school is obliged by the education law to follow the rules and regulations of employment. For admissions of students, it is also stated in the law that the school should give every student with equal chance. There are also certain rules in the law that covers financial aspects of a school or university especially when it comes to financial acquisition and management.
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In every nation or country, it is a must to have a system to put everything in order so as make the country productive and efficient with regards to economy, education, healthcare, and many more. This is the reason why there is a need for a government. But before you can have a ruling body, a constitutional law must first be created because this law is the one that creates a relationship among the three major branches of the government, namely, the executive, legislative, and judicial branch. These three entities are responsible for everything that is happening in the country, but of course along with the help of the citizens’ votes because they are the ones who will put the rightful people in office. So to know more about this body of law, it is best to tackle about its three branches first.
The executive branch of the government is the body that is responsible for the implementation of the plans of the government. It is responsible for executing the laws being passed by the senators and the person who plays a major role in this branch is the president. This person, but of course with the help of advisers, has the power to approve which laws would be beneficial for the entire nation. Next, the legislative body is the one that makes laws. They make bills and through debates and analizations of the proposed bills, they choose which ones to pass for the executive body to approve. For every nation there is a different kind of system, it can be unicameral, bicameral, or tricameral. A unicameral legislative body only has one house, the bicameral has two, and the tricameral has three of course. For each house, they have different duties and responsibilities and their powers are also different from each other as well. Lastly, the judicial branch of the government is the branch responsible for penalizing those people that violate the laws and even the president is not exempted. They are the ones responsible in interpreting and analyzing a specific law which a person breaks.
Indeed, there is a need for a government in every nation because it brings peace and order. Without it, there would be freedom of course, but everyone would not feel that feeling because each person would do what his mind would dictate, thus resulting to chaos. So as citizens of our respective countries, we need to be responsible and abide to our laws so that we can make the world a better place.
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As a resident, it is very important that we are knowledgeable when it comes to the laws both local and international laws. Laws are there to put things in order. One of the most important laws that we should understand is the Administrative Law. Administrative Law is known to be the body of law that governs the activities of administrative agencies of government for both federal and state. According to the law, a government agency may include rule making, adjudication, or the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda. Another definition of Administrative law is it is considered as a branch of public law. It deals with the decision-making of administrative units of government; for example, tribunals, boards or commissions that are part of a national regulatory scheme which are the areas of police law, international trade, manufacturing, environment, taxation, broadcasting, immigration, and transport.
During the twentieth century, administrative law has expanded greatly as legislative bodies worldwide that created more government agencies to regulate the increasingly complex social, economic, and political spheres of human interaction. However, with the civil law countries they often have specialized courts, administrative courts that actually review these decisions. But most of the administrative decisions contested in administrative courts are related to taxation.
Based on the investopedia definition, administrative law over the years, government agencies have steadily grown both in number and importance in the United States. This type of law affects a wide variety of social issues like telecommunications, the financial market and racial discrimination. The perfect examples of these agencies include Department of Labor (DOL), the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and the Security Exchange Commission (SEC).
Generally speaking, the principles of common law is being followed by most countries, and most countries that follows the principles of common law have developed procedures for judicial review that limit the review of decisions made by administrative law bodies. To help establish the standards for proper rule making, often these procedures are coupled with legislation or other common law doctrines. Administrative law may also apply to review of decisions of so-called semi-public bodies like the non-profit corporations, disciplinary boards, and other decision-making bodies that affect the legal right of members of a particular group or entity.
Now you see how administrative law could affect the government bodies. That’s why it’s very important that we understand this kind of law and other laws as well so we won’t be ignorant when it comes to our rights.
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What is education law really? Is this relevant to the modern educational standards? Education is very important. If you are educated then you get all the chance to improve your life. You can be educated in different ways. Entering a formal school is one of the most effective ways. Enroll yourself following all the guidelines, meeting requirements, passing the qualifying exams, etc. You also need enough funds for the entire year. What are these funds for? Your educational fun covers almost everything you need from tuition fees, books, laboratory materials, miscellaneous fees, boarding house, food, etc. The financial status of the person can really affect his education. This is why educational law exists. This is a law that embodies all rules and regulations to better guide a particular teaching institution. Without these rules, conflicts are mainly experienced. These rules or regulations are like country’s rules. Without it, schools don’t have uniform ideals. This field is broad enough. It includes not only the policies that should govern a school. It even deals with school funding, teacher qualifications, student assessment, uniforms, etc. A school is an institution which is bound to produce well-mannered and intelligent individuals. Any school be it for primary or intermediate, it is always governed by an existing education law. With that, it will never go wrong. By installing to the people the basics about life and skills, working professionals are earned. Not all can afford an expensive college education. This is why a part of the law mentioned the need of financial assistance both to teachers and students. Some can’t go to schools because they don’t have enough cash. Thanks to those who strongly support scholarship and other free educational opportunities. Deserving but poor students can avail free education. But, requirements should be met.
Teachers benefit the most from this law. How? Professionals who are in the teaching professions are sometimes ignored and their rights violated. They are doing their jobs right. They are making the most out of the available resources. But, at times, they don’t receive enough praises, respect and cash. Some are paid but only a little. So, work is more of rendering service. Salary is one of the many concerns of teachers today. Lucky are those who receive more than enough. But, still, a huge portion of educators today receive only a little or none at all. Education law is here to provide the best solution. It is to guide teachers of what they should do and expect. The law simply explain the rights and responsibilities if educators. It explains the importance of the teacher in imparting knowledge. Teachers’ obligations do not end outside of the classroom. Those obligations are always with them. But, there are limits to how far a teacher can give and do. The law always asks from teachers to be dedicated, worthy and excellent all the time. Nothing in this world is permanent. So, as the educational requirements become complicated and curriculum changed, teachers should innovate too. How? The can take professional trainings and courses.
Schools are made for education seekers. Schools should have the most perfect environment where each learner can effectively do things everyday. With the existence of the law, schools are made better. Policies are clear. The school can effectively comply with the targeted goals.
Education law is also for students. In a teaching-learning environment, everything revolves around the students. He is the key factor. If the teachers are protected and made aware of their rights, student also are given due importance. They need to develop the love for learning. They need to feel secure. They need to be prepared for a brighter future. If a sailing ship follows a compass for it not to go the wrong way, educational institution also needs a compass for goals to be fulfilled.
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There is no one above the law not even those that seem to be ignorant about it, even so constitutional law should be studied carefully not only be some but everybody. It is something that can help people protect their own right while respecting someone else’s. The essential characteristic of it is the very idea that it can give you power to know your rights and fight for them whenever it is necessary. You also need to involve in such free discussion about this and even trial and error in this way you can clarify certain things consider this. While it is true that there is no such thing as perfect formula when it comes to leaning these things, there is such thing as good formula and you need to make yourself familiar with this. You have to find all means of doing so, in this way you can just get all the necessary information you need.
You also need to bear in mind that a government which maintained law and order, defined property rights, served as a means whereby we could modify property to rights. It can even be among the major help in getting the economic situation of a certain place be lifted up no matter how troublesome the world may be at times. It adjudicated disputes about the interpretation of the rules, enforced contracts, promoted competition, provided a monetary frame-work engaged in activities to counter technical monopolies and to overcome any of those bad effects from neighborhood regarded as sufficiently important to justify government intervention. It can even supplement private charity and the private family. It can surely extend a big help as you start your own family.
Learning about the constitutional law will surely the role of government clear enough. You will surely learn that there is an important function governments need to perform and that it is your right to get all of these best benefits from it. Learning these things may never be that easy but when you do it with full intent then there no way you can’t learn it vividly. You can purchase a book that gives good information about it or you can also take some time to talk to people who seriously know stuffs about this law.
You have to just remember that the only great difficulty lies in this; you must first enable the government to control the governed. You can’t just act just because it’s the way you feel because you need to be objective and let government do their job well enough. You also need to respect people in authority to do their job without you intervening. As a matter of fact, the next thing that you need to do is to oblige to control yourself. The role of a constitution is to provide scope for good government and you need to understand that clearly. On the other hand, you also need to know the value of placing limitations on the powers of the governments.
At the end of the day it is your life and you have all the right to govern it in a way but learning about what is constitutional law will help you live your life to the fullest. It can somehow lead you in road that will make your life productive and safe without you forgetting about other’s rights too. You have to reconsider these things because it can greatly affect you and your family. You need to make sure that you do not just take these things lightly because there is certainly more to it that you will experience only if you learn it well enough.
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There is a simple definition that comes with administrative law. It is the branch of law that oversees the bodies of government that are responsible for administration. This is basically an agency that functions in an administrative capacity and generally works as a branch of public law. It also deals with decision-making arms of the government. This is usually given to those who are public officials and in public agencies. There is also a big difference when it comes to the administrative authority and legislative or judicial authority. They vary from the power to create rules and regulations based on the statutes that legislative authorities put into effect. This is something that you need to be very familiar with first so you won’t have a hard time in the other things that you need to learn about it.
Right after an administrative law is given then these bodies also have the power to grant licenses and permits, begin investigations and provide remedies to complaints. It can also allow you to oversee the conduct of the business of government and issue orders to parties to comply with certain rules or laws. Truly this law has such wide effect and that this should be handled careful so that no other thing can ever stop it from making equal and just law toward those who are working in the government. In fact, administrative law judges are government officials who act under quasi-judicial powers in conducting hearings, issuing findings of fact and issuing orders of compliance. These people are perfect for the job and so you need to trust them that they will do nothing but protect you.
In addition, it is less open to review than civil or criminal law in most countries, but there generally is a process of review. If you want to be part of it then it is very crucial that you read and understand everything that has to do with this law. You can get all the review about it through online sites or you can also purchase a book that talks about this. If you are uncertain then you can always ask those whom you know are really good in implementing this kind of law. There is such thing as procedures for judicial review. This usually works in conjunction with legislation or other legal doctrines that create the standard for proper rule making that will not only benefit some people but everybody.
The best thing about this law is that it also allows administrative bodies to review the decisions. In this way everything can be certain before they were formally implemented. The people who are reviewing it are among those who are expert enough to determine if there is anything wrong with it and can easily give another alternative. There might be times where administrative appeal is different from judicial review in that judicial review that is being allowed in the court but you can be assured that everything is seriously considered and so there is no need for you to worry at all. You can be certain that this law is given not to cause any harm to you and to anyone else for that matter, instead it is for your own benefit.
Learning about administrative law and other laws are very beneficial. It can help you protect your own right while understanding that others have their own rights too. At the end of the day, it is always a matter of respecting other people’s opinions while you are protecting yours too. You need to make yourself be aware of these things so you can also gain all the benefits that come along with it.